CRITTERS AND FISH
and damselflies are just two of the delightful creatures that will
visit your water garden. They are the most beneficial garden visitors
because they feed upon smaller insects. When you see them hovering
over your pond's surface, tail dipped into the water, they are laying
Snails graze upon algae and rotting vegetation, providing a useful
cleaning and scavenging function. Small
amphibians such as frogs, toads, and newts are among the water gardener's
best friends. They each play a part in helping to keep the pool environment
healthy and they also add greatly to its interest.
Turtles are another welcome addition to a water garden. In natural
lakes and ponds, large turtles typically eat fish, but in a backyard
pond, they would rather munch on vegetation and fish food. They make
tame and wonderful pets.
Newts and mudpuppies are the amphibious forms of salamanders. They
may visit your pond for breeding, just like the neighborhood toads.
You may not realize they are present. They are nocturnal and very
Even in an urban garden, toads and tree frogs appear miraculously
when you put in a pond. Although both species live their adult lives
within the terrestrial garden, they breed in water. The breeding
season lasts from early- to mid-summer.
The most satisfactory stocking rate for decorative fish is 2 inches
of fish for every square foot of water surface area, excluding that
occupied by marginal plants. This rate of stocking allows for growth
as well as encouraging breeding.
The colorful and hardy koi are among the most popular water-garden